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Uperoleia gurrumuli

Gurrumul's Toadlet

Conservation Status

EPBC:

Unlisted

IUCN:

Not Evaluated

Calling Period

Possible
Yes
Peak
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Description

One of Australia's most poorly known frog species, with only three confirmed individuals seen by scientists, all in 1993. Described as new to science in 2021 and named after Dr. Geoffrey Gurrumul Yunupingu. A small frog, reaching about 3cm in body length, and rotund with short legs. It has a large gland covering each ear. Its hands and feet are not webbed, and it does not have toe pads. There are no known photographs of this species in life, so its colouration is not well known, but it has contrasting colouration on the thighs.

Breeding Biology

This species' breeding biology and even its call are unknown. Likely breeds in the wet season (about November to April) in still water.

Similar Species

Looks very similar to other Uperoleia. May not be able to be distinguished from Uperoleia inundata by appearance alone, but can be distinguished from Uperoleia lithomoda by having rounded inguinal glands (versus long thin glands). May have a different call to similar species, but its call is still unknown.

Images

Photo: Renee Catullo

Photo: Renee Catullo

Calls

Distribution

Only known from Martjanba, Guluwurru, Rarrakala, and Djirrkari Islands in the Wessel Island chain, off the northeast corner of Arnhem Land, in the Northern Territory.

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